About a week ago, we started hearing news that there had been talk amongst government officials in Egypt about a potential war with Ethiopia. The conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia is about water. Ethiopia is completing a dam that generate hydroelectricity by harnessing the powers of the great Nile river. The dam, however, will temporarily divert the Nile and Egypt’s concern is that this diversion of the river will threaten it’s water supply, to which it feels it is geographically and historically entitled to.
photo by Fir0002/Flagstaffotos
The conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia, while it is about a dam, highlights the predictions that have been made for some time now, that wars in the future will be more and more often about resources such as drinking water. A recent article on water scarcity that was posted on the website of news agency Al Jazeera references a report by US Intelligence that “water demand is set to outstrip sustainable current supplies by 40 per cent by 2030”.
One of the themes that was woven into the Earth Matters exhibition was the connection between the environment and security, a topic which you can read more about on the web, starting with the following links: